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The information contained on this page represents the situation as of 1 January 2014 and is a summary of the country report produced by the country expert from the network. The summary can be downloaded here as well.

Theodoidis Athanasios

Country context

Greece is a Parliamentary Republic based on a written Constitution. With regard to equal treatment and non-discrimination, the Constitution guarantees a general right for equality and equal treatment for everybody, but it makes no specific reference to grounds of discrimination save gender and (partly) disability.

Main principles and definitions

The non-discrimination Law no. 3304/2005 describes the ‘Purpose’ of the legislation, including all the discriminatory grounds of the Directives as follows:“The purpose of this Law is to lay down a general regulatory framework for combating discrimination on the grounds of racial or ethnic origin, as well as combating discrimination on the grounds of religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation as regards employment and occupation…”.

Enforcing the law

The legal protection and defence of persons wronged by any violation of the anti-discrimination Law no. 3304/2005 according to Article 13 will enjoy not only protection from the courts, but also from administrative bodies or through NGOs or trade unions.

Main Legislation

In Greek Law, there is explicit anti-discrimination legislation. Law no. 3304/2005 on the Application of the principle of equal treatment regardless of racial or ethnic origin, religious or other beliefs, disability, age or sexual orientation implements the Directives 2000/43/EC and 2000/78/EC, therefore covering all five grounds of the aforementioned Directives.

Material scope

With regard to the material scope of Greek legislation covering the respective grounds, the recentGreek non-discrimination Law no. 3304/2005 adopts, quasi literally, Article 3 of the framework Directive. The principle of equal treatment shall apply to all persons both the public and private sectors, in relation to (a) conditions for access to employment and occupation in general, (b) access to all types and to all levels of vocational guidance, vocational training, and retraining, vocational guidance including practical work experience, (c) employment and working conditions and (d) membership of, and involvement in, an organisation of workers or employers, or any organisation whose members carry on a particular profession.

Equality bodies

Article 18 of the non-discrimination Law no. 3304/2005 entrusts the Economic and Social Committee with tasks such as: drafting an annual report on the developments with regard to the application of the principle of equal treatment; making suggestions to the government and to social partners on promoting equal treatment and non-discrimination; and encouraging dialogue with NGOs and representative unions, which have a legitimate interest in combating discrimination on the grounds of ethnic or racial origin, religion or beliefs, sexual orientation and disability.

Go to the European Commission - Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities This initiative is financed by the EC Programme Progress. But the views expressed in this website do not necessarily reflect the official views of the EU institutions.