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The information contained on this page represents the situation as of 1 January 2013  and is a summary of the country report produced by the country expert from the network. The summary can be downloaded here as well.

Tonio Ellul

Country context

At the end of 2011, the Maltese population was estimated at 416,055 of which 207,185 (49.79%) were males and 208,870 (50.21%) were females.[1] The Labour Force Survey published in March 2013 indicates that the number of employed persons in Malta between October – December 2012 was estimated at 173,456 of which 109,021 were male and 64,435 were female.


Main principles and definitions


All the grounds of discrimination mentioned in the Directives are prohibited under Maltese law. The only ground which is however specifically defined under Maltese law is the ground of disability under the Equal Opportunities (Persons with Disability) Act, 2000.[1]

Enforcing the law

Maltese legislation lays down various courses of action that one may follow should an individual believe that they were subjected to discriminatory treatment.  Apart from recourse to action before the courts, there exist other bodies where an alleged victim can address his or her complaint.

Main legislation

The principles of equality of treatment and non-discrimination were first introduced into the Maltese Constitution of 1964.[1]  In 1987, the European Convention Act was enacted.  Through this Act[2], Article 14 of the said European Convention can be invoked before and enforced by the Maltese Courts in the event that a person is hindered in the enjoyment of the fundamental rights and freedoms provided for in the Convention on grounds of discrimination.

Material scope

Protection against discriminatory treatment under Maltese law is provided for both by general and specific laws.  The Constitution of Malta and the European Convention Act contain a general prohibition against discrimination that could be taken to include all the fields of application listed in Article 3 of both Directives.

Equality bodies

The National Commission for the Promotion of Equality for Men and Women (NCPE) has been designated as the body in Malta to promote equality of treatment for all persons without discrimination on the grounds of racial or ethnic origin. The Commission seeks to ensure that Maltese society is a society free from any form of discrimination in all sectors and at all levels with respect of training and employment, and the provision of services and benefits.

Go to the European Commission - Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities This initiative is financed by the EC Programme Progress. But the views expressed in this website do not necessarily reflect the official views of the EU institutions.