European network of legal experts in the non-discrimination field
  • Go to Logo Human European Consultancy
  • Go to the Migration Policy Group
  • Go to the University of Utrecht


The information contained on this page represents the situation as of 1 January 2014 and is a summary of the country report produced by the country expert from the network. The summary can be downloaded here as well.

Janka Debreceniova


Country context

The Slovak Republic is a country of 5,4 million people. In addition to Slovak nationals, a wide range of minority groups live in the country. The largest groups are Hungarians (8.5%) and the Roma minority. The official number of Roma in the last census (2011) was 105,738 (2%). However, the Atlas of Roma Communities 2013 reveals there are more than 400,000 Roma living in Slovakia, making up 7,45 % of the whole population. The other minority groups include Czechs, Ukrainians, Croatians, Germans, Poles, Bulgarians, Moravians and Jews.[1]

Main principles and definitions

The ADA defines direct discrimination, indirect discrimination, harassment, sexual harassment, instruction to discriminate, incitement to discrimination and victimisation. Except for incitement to discrimination (which is a form which goes beyond the scope of the Directives and does not conflict with them), the definitions follow the patterns of both of the Directives 2000/43/EC and 2000/78/EC.

Enforcing the law

Anyone who considers themselves wronged by a breach of the principle of equal treatment can bring the perpetrator to court. The person discriminated against can demand before a civil court (there are no special labour courts) that the person who breached the principle of equal treatment refrains from such conduct and, where possible, rectifies the illegal state of affairs.

Main legislation

The Slovak Republic isaparty to several international human rights treaties including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the European Convention on Human Rights,the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discriminationand the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Material scope

The principle of equal treatment applies to all areas defined in the EU Directives and overall does not go beyond the scope of the Directives.

Equality bodies

The body designated for the promotion of equal treatment is the Slovak National Centre for Human Rights. The Centre is a non-judicial public body established by the law and subsidised mainly throughthe state budget. Pursuant to the Act No 308/1993 Coll. on the Establishment of the Slovak National Centre for Human Rights, it is supposed to be independent. There are, however, very serious concerns about the independence of the Centre.

Go to the European Commission - Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities This initiative is financed by the EC Programme Progress. But the views expressed in this website do not necessarily reflect the official views of the EU institutions.