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The information contained on this page represents the situation as of 1 January 2014 and is a summary of the country report produced by the country expert from the network. The summary can be downloaded here as well.

The information contained on this page has been produced by the country expert from the network.

Neža  Kogovšek

Country context

According to the population census of 2002 the country consists of 83 % ethnic Slovenians, 0.11 % Italians, 0.32 % Hungarians, 0.17 % Roma people. In Slovenia there are also 1.98 % Serbs, 1.81 % Croats, 1.10 % Bosnians and other minorities from the former Yugoslavia, which have immigrated to Slovenia during the period of Yugoslavia's existence.

Main principles and definitions

Both the Act Implementing the Principle of Equal Treatment and Employment Relationship Act prohibit direct and indirect discrimination, harassment, instructions to discriminate as well as victimization on the grounds of gender, race and ethnicity, religion and belief, sexual orientation, age and disability.

Enforcing the law

A victim of discrimination has at their disposal formal or informal procedures for the protection of the right to equal treatment. The victim can lodge a complaint to the Advocate of the Principle of Equality, or when the alleged perpetrator is a state or a state-related body, also to the Human Rights Ombudsman.

Main legislation

On the constitutional level discrimination on all personal grounds is prohibited by Article 14 of the Constitution. In 2009 the Constitutional Court confirmed that the Constitution prohibits discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation as well, although this ground is not specifically listed in the Constitution. Slovenia ratified all main human rights treaties concerning discrimination, most recently Protocol No. 12 to the European Convention of Human Rights.

Material scope

The national legislation regulates prohibition of discrimination in all areas required by the directive 2000/43/EC (including both private and public sector) for all personal grounds (and not only for the grounds of race and ethnicity).

Equality bodies

In accordance with the Act Implementing the Principle of Equal Treatment, the Advocate of the Principle of Equality started working in 2005 within the Government Office for Equal Opportunities. The mandate of the Advocate is to examine discrimination complaints on all protected grounds in all areas of social life, provide assistance to victims and issue recommendations. The procedure is informal and free of charge. The Advocate does not have investigative powers and cannot impose misdemeanour fees or other sanctions in cases of violations. If the perpetrator does not comply with the Advocate’s recommendations, the Advocate can only refer the case to the competent inspectorate.

Go to the European Commission - Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities This initiative is financed by the EC Programme Progress. But the views expressed in this website do not necessarily reflect the official views of the EU institutions.